|Hungarian People's Radio||
I created a section in this web site for the Hungarian People's
radios, in Hungarian language called "Néprádió" (People’s
The hystory of the ”People’s Radio”, as well as in Italy, in Germany and other countries, was especially lived in Hungary.
first model of this radios was built in 1938 and it was commonly called
”Horthy Néprádió” in relation to the leader Horthy Miklós.
its shape and size, this small radio is very similar to the German DKE38
but it can receive only the medium waves. The bakelite case is more
decorated than in the DKE and at the top, shows the Hungary’s emblem.
radio did not have the expected success and its production was limited.
Horthy Néprádió was product in the following models :
Orion 011 U
Philips 22 V
Philips 22 U
Telefunken 140 V
Telefunken 141 V
Telefunken 140 U
the year 1950 started production of a small and cheap kind of radios,
(People's Radio). The size of the cabinet, in a very simple shape made,
was similar for all the models. This radios hasn’t the dial, the
tuning is fixed and is operated by a rotating switch that lets you chose between
only two national station:
Kossuth and Petőfi. This
series includes different versions manufactured by several companies.
Some of them have only two knobs, power switch/volume (in the right
side), and tuning (in the left). Others have a third knob, which
operates the fine-tune. In the most common version the cabinet is wood
made, in other cases it is aluminum made. The sizes of the cabinets are
common to all the models:
project joined the Orion, Philips (RAVA), Telefunken and Siemens.
Models published in the "Hungarian radios" page:
Orion 115B (d.c.
power supply version)
Orion 313 (aluminium case version)
Philips 313 (aluminium case version)
RAVA 313 (aluminium case version)
RAVA 313 (wood case version)
Néprádió versions was successfully, but its functionality was very limited for
the tuning system which could receive only two stations.
radio mans, professionals or amateurs, in some cases modified the Néprádió
tuning circuit, inserting a variable capacitor and sometimes a
dial also. In these cases the Néprádió
were changed, "enriched" and could receive more stations.
Orion 313 modified
115A modified with tuning dial
Orion 313 modified with tuning dial
1948 started production of the Népszuper (people’s super) series.
kind of radios includes a wide range of models in many different shapes
with different variations which, although having a low price, represent
a more complete and functional version of Néprádió (People's Radio).
Népszuper is relatively cheap but,
compared to Néprádió,
has the tuning dial and a continuous tuning system.
most famous Népszuper
is the model 309, it works only in medium waves and was produced from
1948 by Orion and Philips.
between 1950 and '60 years, was manufactured a lot of radios models
commonly called Népszuper,
although not all officially defined as such by the manufacturers; many
of these models can receive two bands: medium waves and short waves.
published in “Hungarian radios” page:
(aluminium case )
Orion 228A Orion 228A
(has been repainted)