first time I saw one of these radios I was surprised by the care and
precision which was dedicated to its manufacturing.
All these sets are characterized by a good strength and simplicity
of construction and at the same time have a good sensitivity and
The radios manufactured for the Soviet Union internal market have
the inscription in Russian, those ones built to be exported have the
inscription in English.
On many Soviet radios we can see the inscriptions ΜПИ
(MashPriborIntorg) or TENTO, these are not factories or brands names
but the trade names of the two companies that were working on
marketing and export of these products.
(MashPriborIntorg) was a Soviet export Company, based in Moscow, who
exported various technical goods (included radios) between 1950 and
1979. ΜПИ logo can usually be found on the radios,
such as “Cosmos”, or on their package boxes.
of Technointorg) was founded in 1979 to export/import technical
goods (included radios) and we can see this logo on the rear of many
radios and their package boxes.
In the USSR there were many radio factories, some of the best known
are listed below :
COSMOS and ORLJONOK mini-radios were manufactured by Sarapoul
Orjonikidze Radio Works in Sarapoul, about 1000 Km
east of Moscow.
NEIVA radios were manufactured by Kamensk-Uralsk
Radio Works, Russia
SELENA and OKEAN radios
were manufactured by Minsk
Radio Works (Belarus)
radios were manufactured in Riga (Latvia): Popov Radiotechnika Works , or
Radiotehnika RT , or RRR (Riga Radio Rupnica).
SIGNAL e SONATA radios were manufactured by Leningrad
Radio Devices Works , S. Petersburg (Russia).
SOKOL ( GULL) radios were manufactured by the Moscow Industrial Union "TEMP" SU, (Federal State Enterprise), a company still working (active) in Moscow.
This company was born in 1914 like "The
first governmental electromechanical plant",
later it was renamed: Moscow Radio Plant "Temp" and
finally it was named: Moscow industrial union "TEMP" SU.
The company is famous since 1980s for its radio manufacturing and the
last generation products are: Aircraft automatic radio-compasses
which ensure flight route and approach for landing procedure; FM
radio-compasses which provide aircraft to aircraft approach
including in-flight refuel procedure and search of people suffering
distress in emergency Aircraft; receiver-display units operating
with both Russian (GLONASS), and foreign (NAVSTAR) signals of
satellite navigating systems; Emergency radio stations for providing
bidirectional communication between aircrew in distress and rescue
acronym for Valsts Elektrotehniskā Fabrika (State
Electro-technical Factory), was a big company located in Riga (Latvia)
known since 1932 for the manufacturing of aircraft, photo cameras
In 1991 the company employed 20000 workers and
its best known products were: telephones, telephone systems and
Subsequently the company had many problems and, after 1997, VEF was
divided into six smaller companies, only three of them remain, they
are the: VEF KRT, VEF Telekom, and VEF
Radiotehnika-RRR which employ between 100 and 200 workers each.
You can see VEGA name on many Soviet radios, also on models
of other brands such as “VEF”, “Selena” or others.
However there was a company in Berdsk (Siberia) named Berdsk Radio
Works which produced radio sets branded “VEGA”.
I don’t know really if this brand was also used as a trade name or if
the “Berdsk Radio Works” produced radios on behalf of other factories.
My collection :